How to write a Resume

Welcome to this article on how to write a resume.

Before we proceed, we encourage you to read our previous post: how to write a cover letter. It's very important you read it if you want to improve your chances of landing your dream job.

First things first, let's look at what a resume is and why it is so important. 

What is a Resume? 

A resume is a document that summarizes your professional background, skills, and qualifications. It highlights your achievements and experiences that make you the best fit for the job.

A well-written resume is crucial in today's job market. It serves as a first impression for potential employers and is often the deciding factor in whether or not you will be called for an interview.

A resume should be clear, concise, and well-organized. The key elements that should be included in a resume are a summary or headline, your work experience, your education, and any relevant skills or certifications.

Additionally, it's important to tailor your resume to the specific job or industry you are applying for, and to use a clear and professional design. By paying attention to these elements, you can create a resume that effectively showcases your qualifications and makes a great first impression.

How To Write A Resume

Tailoring Your Resume

Customizing your resume for a specific job or industry is crucial to standing out from the competition. Start by researching the company and the position you are applying for and incorporating keywords from the job listing into your resume. Also, make sure to highlight any specific skills or experience that align with the job requirements.

Highlighting relevant skills and experience is essential for making your resume stand out. Consider using bullet points to list your skills and accomplishments in a clear and concise manner. Also, consider including any relevant volunteer or extracurricular experiences that demonstrate your qualifications for the job.

Showcasing your achievements, rather than just your responsibilities, can help to demonstrate the value you can bring to a company. Think about specific accomplishments in your previous roles and quantify them, such as “increased sales by 20%” or “implemented a new system that saved the company $50,000 per year.” By highlighting your achievements, you can show potential employers that you have a track record of success and can bring value to their organization.

Formatting and Design

There are several resume formats available, including chronological, functional, and combinations.

The chronological format is the most traditional and lists your work experience in reverse chronological order.

The functional format highlights your skills and achievements rather than your work experience.

The combination format combines elements of both chronological and functional formats.

Choosing the right format for your experience and job goals is important.

If you have a strong work history and want to emphasize your job progression, the chronological format may be the best option.

If you're changing careers or have gaps in your work history, the functional format may be a better choice.

If you want to highlight both your skills and your work experience, the combination format may be the way to go.

Design elements such as font, spacing, and color can make your resume stand out in a positive way.

Use a clean and professional font, such as Arial or Calibri. Use spacing and white space to make the resume easy to read and visually appealing.

Use color sparingly to draw attention to important sections or to make your resume stand out, but keep it professional.

Making sure your resume is easy to read and visually appealing is crucial.

Use headings and subheadings to break up the text and make it easy to scan.

Keep your margins consistent and use bullet points or short paragraphs to make the information easy to digest.

Use a consistent layout and format throughout the document, which will make it look more polished and professional.

Writing the Content

There are several key sections that should be included in a resume, including a summary or headline, your work experience, your education, and any relevant skills or certifications.

A summary or headline is a brief statement that highlights your qualifications and experience, and it should be placed at the top of your resume.

Your work experience should be listed in reverse chronological order and should include your job title, company name, and employment dates.

Your education should include your degree and the name of the institution where you earned it.

Any relevant skills or certifications should be listed in a separate section, and it should be tailored to the specific job or industry you are applying for.

Writing an effective summary or headline is crucial. Your summary should be brief and to the point, highlighting your qualifications and experience in a way that is relevant to the job you're applying for. Use keywords from the job listing and be specific about your accomplishments.

Presenting your work experience in a way that showcases your skills and achievements is important. Use bullet points to list your responsibilities, and be sure to include specific accomplishments that demonstrate the value you brought to your previous roles. Use action verbs and quantify your accomplishments where possible.

Including relevant education, certifications, and training is important. List your degrees and the names of the institutions where you earned them, and include any relevant certifications or training. If you're a recent graduate or have limited work experience, you may want to include your coursework or projects that are relevant to the job you're applying for.

Proofreading and Editing

Proofreading and editing your resume is crucial in order to catch errors and ensure clarity. It's important to check for spelling and grammar mistakes, as well as formatting inconsistencies.

Make sure that all the information on your resume is accurate and up-to-date. It's also a good idea to have someone else review your resume to catch any errors you may have missed.

Getting feedback on your resume from others can be very helpful. Ask friends, family members, or colleagues to review your resume and provide feedback.

You can also consider using a professional resume writer or career counselor to help you with the proofreading and editing process.

Once you've finished proofreading and editing your resume, it's important to make sure it's ready to submit. Double check that all the information is accurate and up-to-date. Make sure that your resume is tailored to the specific job or industry you're applying for.

Keep your resume simple, clear, and easy to read, and choose a professional design. Finally, save your resume in a common format, such as PDF, to ensure that it can be easily opened by the potential employer.

By following these steps, you can make sure that your resume makes a great first impression and increase your chances of getting an interview.


In conclusion, a well-written and effective resume is crucial in today's job market. It serves as the first point of contact between a job seeker and a potential employer, and it's important to tailor it to the specific job or industry you are applying for, and to use a clear and professional design.

A strong resume should include a summary or headline, your work experience, your education, and any relevant skills or certifications. Tailoring your resume, highlighting relevant skills and experience, showcasing achievements, using format and design, writing the content, and proofreading and editing are key elements to creating a strong resume.

We hope that the tips and advice provided in this article will help you create a strong, effective resume that showcases your qualifications and increases your chances of getting an interview. Take the time to tailor your resume to the specific job or industry and to use a clear and professional design, and be sure to proofread and edit your resume before submitting it.

There are many resources available to help you create a strong and effective resume. Websites such as LinkedIn or Glassdoor have resume building tools, and career counseling services or professional resume writers can also be a great resource. Consider using these resources to help you create a resume that stands out and lands you the job of your dreams.

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